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What Is Forex? An Introduction to Forex Trading

Forex (FX), also known as the foreign exchange market, is the fascinating world of global currency exchange that attracts investors from all around the globe. In today’s analysis, we will focus on what Forex is, how trading in this market works, and what types of currency pairs exist. Let’s dive in. 

What is Forex?

Foreign Exchange, or Forex (FX), is a global, decentralized market for trading of national currencies. Forex is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily transaction value exceeding 6 trillion dollars. This market operates 24 hours a day and five days a week due to the overlapping time zones of the four biggest financial centers: New York, Tokyo, Sydney, and London.

What is the Forex market?

The Forex market allows for the buying and selling of currencies to achieve profit or hedge against currency risk. It is a decentralized market, meaning there is no single central trading location. Instead, trading occurs over the counter (OTC) through a network of banks in the world’s major financial centers.

Trading in the Forex Market – How Does It Work?

Trading in the Forex market occurs through currency pairs, which denote the value of one currency expressed in another currency. For example, the EUR/USD pair represents the value ratio of the euro to the US dollar.

Investors in the Forex market speculate on the rise or fall of these currencies based on economic, political, and technical analyses.

Types of Currency Pairs

Currency pairs in the Forex market are divided into majors, minors, and exotics.

There are eight major currencies and seven major currency pairs in the world. It’s because all major pairs use the US dollar as either the base or quote currency. The most popular major pairs include EUR/USD, USD/JPY, and GBP/USD.

Minor pairs do not include the US dollar but are still popular. For example EUR/GBP and EUR/JPY.

Exotic pairs include currencies from smaller or developing economies, such as the Turkish lira (TRY) or the South African rand (ZAR).

The Forex market offers extraordinary opportunities for investors interested in finance. However, its complexity and dynamism require solid knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms governing the currency market. When you start your journey in the Forex market, investing time in learning and practicing is crucial to navigating the international financial waters successfully.